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Gastrointestinal Tract

Digestion is a process conducted throughout a series of specialized organs. The human digestive system, also known as the gastrointestinal tract, consists of two components: the upper and lower tracts.

The Gastrointestinal Tract

The upper gastrointestinal tract includes the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. After food is swallowed, it travels for about seven seconds down the esophagus and into the stomach. The stomach produces hydrochloric acid and enzymes called proteases which break down the food. The food then passes through pyloric sphincter (a valve at the end of the stomach) and then moves to the duodenum where certain minerals are absorbed.

The lower gastrointestinal tract begins after the duodenum and includes most of the small intestine and all of the large intestine. Several functions occur in the small intestine—pancreatic enzymes and liver bile are combined, proteins and fats are broken down and soluble molecules are absorbed into the bloodstream. The large intestine, which includes the colon, absorbs water and several important vitamins. The leftover waste is then moved through the rectum and expelled through the anus.

Visit our weight loss surgery options page to learn more about how the gastrointestinal tract is impacted in the various surgeries we perform.


To learn more about Your New Self weight loss solutions please fill out our contact us form or call us at 1-877-DMC-W8W8 for additional information.

About your new self at Detroit Center in Michigan

Detroit Medical Center is the premier provider of weight loss surgery in Michigan and the Great Lakes Region. DMC operates offices in the Madison Heights and Southfield areas of Detroit, Michigan, and serves other areas including Ypsilanti, Saginaw, Ann Arbor, Detroit, Flint, Livonia, Monroe, Lansing, Dearborn, Novi and Troy. Your New Self also serves Canadian bariatric patients as a preferred provider for the Ontario Ministry of Health.

Your New Self at Detroit Medical Center boasts four expert bariatric surgeons who specialize in LAP-BAND®, REALIZE® Band, Sleeve Gastrectomy, and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass bariatric surgeries.

Patients interested in weight loss surgery should sign up for a free informational seminar to learn more about their surgical options and get started today.